More information

Calendar The next month at the Arts Club

Exhibitions's archives

Calendar Next Amicale's events

Europe in Strasbourg

AMICALE OFFICE

President: Denis HUBER

Co-President: Nathalie VERNEAU

Vice-President: Ellen FOURNIER

Treasurer: Catherine GUERRERO

Executive Secretary: Renée MORITZ

Elected Members: Keltoum BELAID, Alla HEITZ, Janis SYMONS

SECRETARIAT

AGORA - Office A1.09V
+33(0)3 88 41 32 66 
amicale@coe.int

 

HORAIRES D'OUVERTURE : 

Du lundi au vendredi :

- de 9h30 à 12h30

- 14h00 à 17h00.

Offres Avantages
Culture Arts Club


Art and Nature

Michel Hirsch - Art and Nature

Calendar from 06/01/2020 to 31/01/2020

Michel Hirsch has worked for more than 30 years as an engineer before he took the opportunity to live his passion… His training at the “Ecole de l’Image des Gobelins” in Paris gave him the chance to entirely dedicate himself to the photography. 

The nature, as big as miniscule, naturally came up to him as his main subject. He finds in photography the perfect and heady way to immortalize, to reveal and to share these ephemerals moments enhanced by the lights or those lucky meetings. ... Read more »

Flâneries parisiennes

Olivier Braive - Flâneries parisiennes

Calendar from 06/01/2020 to 31/01/2020

Parisien de naissance, Olivier contemple Paris et photographie les Quais de Seine, les Monuments, Architecture, avec et sans personnage, cela en pointant des lignes, formes géométriques et en cherchant un équilibre entre les volumes, ombres et lumières. Une échappée belle dans sa ville natale et de cœur, cette ville aux mille visages, éternelle et mouvante, si bien connue, toujours étonnante.   La flânerie n'existe que dans l'oeil du promeneur; Olivier vous invite à flâner ... Read more »

Isabela D'Amado - Sculptures

Isabela D'Amado - Isabela D'Amado - Sculptures

Calendar from 06/01/2020 to 31/01/2020

Isabela D’Amado est née à Montevideo, en Uruguay. Diplômée de l’Ecole d’Architecture de Montevideo en 1984, elle part aux Etats-Unis étudier le dessin et la peinture aux universités de Maryland et de Yale (1985/91). Elle arrive à Paris en 1992 puis s’installe à Strasbourg où elle vit et travaille depuis 1994. Très attirée par le volume et le travail de la matière, elle se dirige vers la sculpture en 2000. Qu'elles soient stylisées, métamorphosées ou sorties de leur contexte ... Read more »

Magic of Bow Ties - Atelier Cerbu

Constantin Ciprian Stanciu - Magic of Bow Ties - Atelier Cerbu

Calendar from 06/01/2020 to 31/01/2020

L`Atelier Cerbu est né par le désir du jeune Ciprian STANCIU, passionné par la mode "british", qui a donné naissance à des créations riches en couleurs, matériaux nobles comme le velours, réalisés avec beaucoup de soin et de respect avec un savoir-faire unique. Les Noeuds Papillon sont conçus à la main, dans l'atelier situé en région Strasbourgeoise, et tous les produits permettant la réalisation viennent de France. Les tissus sont soigneusements sélectionnés dans les marchés ... Read more »

Colours and moves

Artak Aloyan - Colours and moves

Calendar from 03/02/2020 to 28/02/2020

My paintings are inspired by two distinct sources: Past and Present - my childhood memories, mountains and landscapes of my hometown, the sense of my little self’s courage and invincibility, as well as my current pursuit of happiness, realism and the beauty of the nowness! My paintings create themselves! I am just a tool to move the pallets and the brushes. They speak their own language through colors, blends, and overlaps. They speak to the eyes of viewers with the power of absurdity of neighboring ... Read more »

Conceptual frames

Cigdem Sayliman - Conceptual frames

Calendar from 03/02/2020 to 28/02/2020

Making art is a process of discovery. Somewhere between self-learning and fine arts education, the creativity of the painter flourished in very talented artists' courses and workshops in different countries that she has been in diplomatic mission. Her painting journey started one and a half decades ago, inspiring every single day. 

Cigdem's first solo exhibition was in 2015 in Paris under the theme "motion- speed- light".  She continued ... Read more »

Solids in Liquid Phases

Murat Pulat - Solids in Liquid Phases

Calendar from 03/02/2020 to 28/02/2020

He has started photography in 1992 and participated in many group and solo exhibitions. Since then, he also organizes many workshops and gives lectures on photography. Being especially interested in commercial architectural and documentary photography, he has developed many projects on these subjects. He continues his journey as architectural photography instructor at the Mimar Sinan University in İstanbul. In 2010 his work took place in the album of "90 photographers 90 Istanbul" published for ... Read more »

Rendez-vous poétique

Carlos LLAS RIBES - Rendez-vous poétique

Calendar from 02/03/2020 to 06/03/2020

Des œuvres du peintre graveur Carlos Llas Ribes, couvrant une moitié de siècle à travers l’Europe et le monde, sont exposées à la Galerie du Palais de l’Europe du 2 au 27 mars. Il a étudié les Beaux-Arts à Varsovie dans les années 60, entouré de professeurs prestigieux tels qu’Artur Nacht-Samborski (professeur en peinture), Stanislaw Szczepanski (professeur en dessin et peinture), et Paolo Marconi (enseignant en restauration). En 1966, il remporte le Premier prix de l’Ecole des ... Read more »

Expression artistique internationale et artisanale

Myriam Booghs - Expression artistique internationale et artisanale

Calendar from 02/03/2020 to 24/04/2020

Myriam Booghs is the organiser of the multicultural Arts Forum. She is president of the not-for-profit association "Expression Artistique Internationale et Artisanale". The association brings together creative artists from all over the world presenting unique works of art and using different mixed techniques.

La Trilogie du Bonheur - Education Urbaine

Marvin Bonheur - La Trilogie du Bonheur - Education Urbaine

Calendar from 05/03/2020 to 27/03/2020

Marvin Bonheur aka Monsieur Bonheur is a photographic artist.  Born in the 93rd, he lives and works in Paris. In 2014 he started work on a trilogy with a first series entitled Alzheimer tracing his youth in the 93rd. He delved into his memories of the places that marked his childhood, trying to  rediscover his past.  After three years of wandering, Monsieur Bonheur has captured the spaces that haunt his memories to struggle against what he calls an "inoffensive" form of ... Read more »

Méditerranée

Dostena ANGUELOVA-LAVERGNE - Méditerranée

Calendar from 30/03/2020 to 24/04/2020

Dostena Anguelova-Lavergne est journaliste culturelle aux DNA, enseignante en anthropologie de l’art contemporain à l’Université de Strasbourg et poète dont les œuvres ont été traduites et publiées dans de nombreuses langues. Depuis quelques années, elle  exprime ses visions poétiques par la peinture également (aquarelle et de l’acrylique sur canevas) participant à une série d’expositions collectives dont le Salon d’hiver d’art contemporain (Strasbourg 2016 et 2017, ... Read more »

La gomme bichromatée : le mariage de la peinture et de la photographie

Michel LERSY - La gomme bichromatée : le mariage de la peinture et de la photographie

Calendar from 30/03/2020 to 24/04/2020

Michel LERSY

Je pratique la photographie depuis une quarantaine d’années.

Je suis passionné par les procédés photographiques du 19ème siècle, en particulier le tirage à la gomme bichromatée qui est le mariage de la photo et de la peinture ; il met en œuvre les outils du photographe (appareil photo et négatifs grand formats) et ceux du peintre (pinceaux et pigments)

Tout l’intérêt de la technique repose dans la succession des couches de couleur. L’image se construit ... Read more »

little ceramics monsters

Jean Daniel JUND - little ceramics monsters

Calendar from 30/03/2020 to 24/04/2020

Looking at my sculptures, having read a lot of comics and books of science and fantasy, you can guess where my inspiration comes from. My previous career as lighting director for television has undeniably influenced my choice of colours. I worked on many variety shows, as well as on fashion shows. My job also allowed me to visit museums and galleries, taking advantage of my work to study the works. Self-taught artist, I came to sculpture, but also to painting and photography, after having stopped ... Read more »

De moi, ce qu'il existe ? - Alexandra se déshabille -

Annalisa Mantovani - De moi, ce qu'il existe ? - Alexandra se déshabille -

Calendar from 30/03/2020 to 24/04/2020

Nous avons besoin d'espace et de concurrencer le mouvement pour accomplir des actes de création. Le jeu qui forme des oscillations continues entre l'intérieur et l'extérieur de soi, entre le passé et le présent personnel, peut se laisser interrompre par la réalité du voyage. Dans cette exposition, je voudrais mettre au centre la nécessité pour l'individu de s'exprimer, en observant comme la liberté de mouvement devient dans certains cas fondamentale pour accomplir ... Read more »

Peintures

Leonardo Vargas - Peintures

Calendar from 27/04/2020 to 22/05/2020

My work, in general terms, aims to reflect upon our relationship to images coming from different sources: Art History, Photography, advertising. This allows me to explore different methods of production for paintings according to the subject.  The subject can vary at the same time according to a speciffic research interest, but at the end it is always about stablishing a relationship and a comprehension of images through and from  the painterly act. During the act of painting, the images ... Read more »

Eden

Silvae Frémont - Eden

Calendar from 27/04/2020 to 22/05/2020

Fascinée par la peinture japonaise du XVIIIe siècle, par la nature et plus particulièrement les oiseaux, Silvae Frémont en offre une représentation naturaliste contemporaine. Ses tableaux peints à l'huile sont comme des instantanés, des moments de vie pris sur le vif, le détail d’un plumage, le relief torturé de l’écorce, le velouté d’un pétale, les entrelacs de feuilles et de fleurs traduisent sa vision du Jardin d’Eden. La femme y apparaît parfois telle une icône, revêtue ... Read more »

Une girafe dans tous ses états / Les girafes en folie

Ana-Bella Mendes - Une girafe dans tous ses états / Les girafes en folie

Calendar from 27/04/2020 to 22/05/2020

Ana-Bella, née le 24 décembre 1978, se distingue par sa palette de couleur méditerranéenne chaude et contrastées, inspirée de son pays d’origine, le Portugal. Sa peinture trouve sa simplicité dans la figure allongée de portraits de girafes, dans lesquels elle se projette, et nous fait découvrir son talent. Elle parle avec les couleurs, les formes , les matériaux, et leur fait raconter son intérieur. La démarche spontanée d’Ana-Bella et sa personnalité illustrent très bien son ... Read more »

Jungle Book - Les fantômes de la jungle

Sébastien PELLETIER-PACHOLSKI - Jungle Book - Les fantômes de la jungle

Calendar from 25/05/2020 to 19/06/2020

Born on 15 November 1967 at Chalon sur Saône, Sebastian PELLETIER-PACHOLSKI makes its photographic debut in childhood.

He returns to photography in 2013, after having left aside his film cameras for years in order to invest time in the education of 3 children.

After many trials and errors in various photographic fields, he specializes in street photography.

Whilst being inspired by photographers like Robert Doisneau, Willy Ronis, William Klein, Vivian Mayer or Henry Cartier Bresson as ... Read more »

Manon Delwas : Peintures et sculptures

Manon DELWAS - Manon Delwas : Peintures et sculptures

Calendar from 25/05/2020 to 19/06/2020

Manon DELWAS Born in 1960, she immerses herself in the magical atmosphere of her grandfather's studio, immersing herself in the colors and smell of painting. Always close to the art she will work at the Faculty of Visual Arts in Strasbourg where the creative atmosphere will win and will make him take painting classes. It is only later, by restoring an old house at the edge of the water that she will find the place to install her workshop and a framework favorable to the inspiration. It is also ... Read more »

Raku Animal

Emmanuelle Schultz - Raku Animal

Calendar from 25/05/2020 to 19/06/2020

J'aime la terre, la nature et les animaux. Quoi de plus naturel, de plus évident d'en venir à les rassembler dans une expression créative, de modeler des animaux en argile, et les voir "naitre au raku"... Ce Raku qui est pour moi davantage qu'une technique céramique. C'est presque une école de vie, de pensée, une voie différente dans un monde qui exige de tout contrôler, axé sur les performances, la vitesse et la technologie. A l'opposé, mes amis-animaux d'argile ... Read more »

VOYAGES IMMOBILES

Nicolas MESSNER - VOYAGES IMMOBILES

Calendar from 25/05/2020 to 19/06/2020

This exhibition project was born from a book, produced with Nicolas Messner, photographer, author, judoka and director of "Judo for Peace". Trips across the 5 continents, (to choose from) 380 photos of sublime landscapes, encounters with men and women, and in common thread, judo and the values defended by this sport practiced by millions of people on the tatami from around the world. Follow the author, professional photographer and black belt himself, with his engaged gaze focused on the ... Read more »

Ever changing

Ximena Lama - Ever changing

Calendar from 22/06/2020 to 17/07/2020

Ximena Lama was born in Bolivia and grew up in Santiago de Chile. She lives in Switzerland since 2004. In her collages, she processes searched and incidentally found, designed events and more or less intuitive ones. Material is recombined, single images are used to create new images and new parts and details are highlighted. In terms of content, her collages deal with topics such as the past, longing for the past, diversity of society, consumer society as well as gender respectively the role ... Read more »

Travel portraits

Maja Bednas - Travel portraits

Calendar from 22/06/2020 to 17/07/2020

Photographs of people, mostly as portraits, Maja Bednas met during her travels to India, Sri Lanka, Guatemala and Myanmar. 10-15 photographs, size 60x90 cm, printed on foam board (KAPPA).

BRICK FACADES - European architecture that we love

Natalia Wolska-Meijerink - BRICK FACADES - European architecture that we love

Calendar from 22/06/2020 to 17/07/2020

Natalia Wolska-Meijerink is an architect with a great passion for drawing, a deep love of Amsterdam and a LEGO® addiction. In her creative world it is possible to bild pices of art out of LEGO bricks! She began creating her Brick Facades in 2016, inspired by Amsterdam itself, a city that’s a treasure trove for an architect! Natalia found a way for people to bring the breathtaking architecture of Amsterdam and other European cities with them. Many hours of work are put into creating these unique ... Read more »

Family ties. So similar, yet different.

Roch Urbaniak - Family ties. So similar, yet different.

Calendar from 31/08/2020 to 25/09/2020

A Family. Three painters from Cracow. Alicja Słaboń - Urbaniak, Maciej Urbaniak, and Roch Urbaniak. Sometimes it’s all about showing other person what is most important to you. That is the case of my family. Alicja and Maciej Urbaniak are both painters, graduates of Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow. Their art is both a way of expressing themselves and, what is most important a way of getting to know people. People who admire similar emotions expressed with art and excitement about world. And most ... Read more »

A cup of calmness

Andrzej Bero - A cup of calmness

Calendar from 31/08/2020 to 25/09/2020

In my work I blend two passions: for buddhism and zen esthetics and for pottery. From the very beginning of my activity I was interested in tea pottery. If I remember well, the second vessel I made in my life was a teapot. My work opens eyes to the abundance of traditions and rituals resulting in specific pottery shapes and to variety of tastes, shapes and smells of teas from Japan, China, Korea and India. This blend resulted in my own pottery style, enhanced with centuries long traditions of distant ... Read more »

Portraits of Papus at the Goroka Festival

Martine SCHEERER - Portraits of Papus at the Goroka Festival

Calendar from 31/08/2020 to 25/09/2020

Martine Scheerer was born in Strasbourg in February 1968.

Passionate about travel and photography since my adolescence, it is through the Indian continent that my desire to discover other cultures and other emotions was revealed.

After having travelled through several dozen countries; from Asia, to North Africa, to sub-Saharan Africa, via South America, it is during an exhibition at the Musée du quai Branly in Paris, which brought together objects and a glimpse of the culture of the peoples ... Read more »

About Roots and Borders

Susanne Kessler - About Roots and Borders

Calendar from 31/08/2020 to 25/09/2020

 I have participated in four peace exhibitions throughout my career as an artist. These exhibitions always gave my work a new impetus. So I would like to show in the Council of Europe (Agora Building, long brown wall) my triptych “Jerusalem,” I consider it a very important work of mine. It has already been exhibited in an international peace exhibition "Women call for peace" in the Andre Shiva Gallery at the Cuny- College for Criminal Justice New York, NY, in the Museum Katzen  - American ... Read more »

Textile art

Sally Ruddock Rivière - Textile art

Calendar from 28/09/2020 to 23/10/2020

Sally Ruddock Rivière - soulful expressions

Touched by the textile fragments of another time, the hand-made magic that produced them and the emotional nuance of their details, Sally’s work is unique. She repairs materials that are damaged, abandoned and neglected; revives the treasures she exhumes from the limbo of lost memories and breathes new life into them. Slow, delicate movements, where she who patiently embroiders allows her whole soul to pass through her hands; where she who embroiders ... Read more »

Paysages

Beata Sawicka - Paysages

Calendar from 28/09/2020 to 23/10/2020

J'observe la nature tout au long de l'année. Le paysage de mes promenades quotidiennes varie chaque jour en fonction de temps, de l'heure, de la lumière et surtout des saisons. J'aime à ma concentrer sur les détails d'un paysage (l'agacement d'un arbre, de ses branches, tronc, écorce, racines ancrées dans le sol) car c'est chaque fois une redécouverte. Les grands espaces, la vue lointaine des montagnes et collines, le gigantisme des nuages, du ciel, ... Read more »

Exposition Photographique - Michel Handschumacher

Michel Handschumacher - Exposition Photographique - Michel Handschumacher

Calendar from 28/09/2020 to 23/10/2020

Entre une enfance où l'apprentissage de l'observation était une chance et des études d'architecture qui ont structuré mon regard, la photographie m'est très tôt apparue comme le moyen de prendre le temps du regard. Lorsque je photographie les traces du passé pour mieux interroger le présent dans "Le temps n’efface pas les erreurs", illustre l’inéluctable avancée du temps dans les triptyques "Mémento mori" ou livre mon ressenti dans "Hors-champ", mes évocations ... Read more »

DE L’INFIME A L’INFINI: Du végétal au cosmos

Mélody SEIWERT - DE L’INFIME A L’INFINI: Du végétal au cosmos

Calendar from 28/09/2020 to 23/10/2020

Melody Seiwert photographie les différentes étapes de l’évolution aléatoire des matières végétales, surtout des fleurs, en décomposition. Elle explore leurs potentialités plastiques à travers l’expérimentation de l’empreinte du temps et la dynamique souterraine soutenant toute pulsion de vie. Dans un processus de perpétuelle mutation, ils décomposent les formes et suggèrent des couleurs qui se mêlent au secret d’une danse. Elle crée des « négatifs végétaux » à partir ... Read more »

'Senses'

Natalija MILADINOVIC - 'Senses'

Calendar from 26/10/2020 to 20/11/2020

Natalija's artwork relies heavily on nature forms and surroundings. Nature is an infinite inspiration, an endless topic to explore. If we take a closer look to details in nature we can see a whole world of rhytmic lines, color expressions in their purest form.

Natalija is trying to interpret those sensations and senses on the canvas and to add subjective touch through her unique style.

1. Touch, mixed media on canvas, 80x80

2. Taste, mixed media on canvas, 80x80

3. ... Read more »

Ilia Yonchev - Interesting times

Ilia Yonchev - Ilia Yonchev - Interesting times

Calendar from 26/10/2020 to 20/11/2020

Born in Plovdiv in 1970 to one of the most famous creative families of Bulgaria, Ilia Yonchev is fifth generation artist and the fourteenth artist of the Yonchev family. In addition to oil on canvas, Ilia Yonchev paints icons and his sacred works can be found many churches in the city of Plovdiv and the region around it. He is the author of 14 solo exhibitions and in 2015 he was nominated for the Plovdiv Prize in the Fine Arts section.

Cabinet de curiosités

Thierry Herselin - Cabinet de curiosités

Calendar from 26/10/2020 to 20/11/2020

«Cabinet de curiosités» est une suite d’objets (bijoux, poupées, jouets, etc..) détournés ou recomposés aux allures d’ex-votos, d’amulettes ou de reliques... Collages, montages ou assemblages sont généralement de petits formats. Ils sont présentés sous des globes, des cadres aux verres bombés, des boites... Rassemblés, ils créent un théâtre bizarre et raffiné où se mêlent l’esprit du baroque et du romantisme noir, du surréalisme et du kitsch...

Pascaline Wagner -

Calendar from 23/11/2020 to 18/12/2020

Artiste peintre aux multiples facettes, Pascaline WAGNER exprime ses émotions grâce à la peinture. Passionnée par l’art abstrait depuis ses débuts, elle se laisse guider par l’instinct de création spontanée. Ses toiles dégagent une énergie, une force et en même temps une douceur et une sérénité propice à la rêverie et à l’évasion. Ses œuvres se déclinent principalement sous forme de polyptyques, ce qui leur donnent encore davantage de vitalité. Artiste cotée depuis 2016, ... Read more »

Perles d'O - bijoux en pierres naturelles et semi-précieuses

Ouafae EL MAYSOUR - Perles d'O - bijoux en pierres naturelles et semi-précieuses

Calendar from 23/11/2020 to 18/12/2020

Enracinés dans deux terres, deux cultures, à la croisée de l'orient et de l'occident, mes bijoux puisent leur force d'inspiration dans les éléments de la nature, mais aussi dans ma double culture. L'eau, la terre, le feu, l'air, les quatre-saisons, la rencontre de l'orient et de l'occident se retrouvent dans mes créations. Cristal de roche, perle de culture, corail, pierre de lave, péridot, améthyste et bien d'autres pierres naturelles racontent par ... Read more »

Around the vase

Irina Dinev - Around the vase

Calendar from 23/11/2020 to 18/12/2020

I studied ancient techniques of hand modeling in Baku. Using this ancient technique, I initiate my artwork from strong stone mass with cordierite additives specially developed for my sculptures. My work is influenced by the endless pursuit of perfection, and I’m fascinated with the results that are created through this process. For me the continuity of the elegant line is very important. I am inspired by the natural asymmetry of form. I am just looking for harmony and the beauty of form. This ... Read more »

City of Angels

Irina Paltseva - City of Angels

Calendar from 23/11/2020 to 18/12/2020

This collection of artworks is inspired by towns, towns which hold the memory of past generations and events, the towns which are dwelled by angels. They follow people and protect them; they may be happy, nostalgic or even sad. The multilayer glazing technique performed with oil paint fills the artworks with mysterious glow and transmits its energy to the audience. The size of the artworks is 80 to 60 centimetres each. The author, Ms Irina Paltseva, lives and works in Krasnodar, Russia, where she ... Read more »

Holidays souvenirs

Luis Felipe BELTRAN - Holidays souvenirs

Calendar from 23/11/2020 to 18/12/2020

LUIS BELTRAN was born in Spain in 1949. He has dedicated his entire life to architecture, field in which he has stood out with many important projects and international competitions. He has also been a Professor at the Universidad Politécnia de Madrid (Politecnic University in Madrid) for more than 30 years. Always fond of art drawings, it was only several years ago when he started to develop his passion for drawing as a watercolor artist. He draws what he sees, combaining his architectural taste ... Read more »

New Europe

Dumitru BOLBOCEANU - New Europe

Calendar from 04/01/2021 to 29/01/2021

Dumitru Bolboceanu is the President of the Union of Artists of the Republic of Moldova. He has an extensive artistic experience and also is one of the most renown Moldovan artists abroad. Education and Artistic Experience The National College of Art - I.E.Repin, Chisinau. Professors: Valeriu Puscas, Igor Vieru. Member of Union of Plastic Artists of Moldova. Member of TEN - Artistic Group. Member of the UNESCO International Association of Professional Artists. President of Union of Plastic Artists ... Read more »

Michael Oldham - Retrospective

Michael Oldham - Michael Oldham - Retrospective

Calendar from 04/01/2021 to 29/01/2021

Michael is an award-winning landscape architect, architect, artist, jeweller and writer. He studied at Plymouth Art College, Plymouth Polytechnic, and Sheffield University, and worked both in local government and private practice. He was the founding President of the European Foundation for Landscape Architecture, Vice President of the Landscape Institute and Chairman of its Education Committee for several years. He is currently engaged as an Expert to the Council of Europe working alongside the ... Read more »

Beauté d'espace vide

Keishu Kawai - Beauté d'espace vide

Calendar from 29/03/2021 to 23/04/2021

Keishu Kawai est née dans la préfecture japonaise d’Ibaraki, au nord de Tokyo. Formée à l’art de la calligraphie dans la prestigieuse université de Tsukuba, puis durant dix années par le grand maître Sôin Furutani à Kyoto, elle devient Maître de calligraphie à son tour et expose ses œuvres dans le monde entier. Parallèlement, elle enseigne son art de la calligraphie dans plusieurs universités prestigieuses. Aujourd’hui, alsacienne d’adoption, sur cette terre particulièrement ... Read more »