Lefkosia, the only divided capital in the world, is situated practically in the centre of Cyprus and constitutes a rich cultural hub. The history of the city dates back to the Bronze Age. In antiquity and in early Christian times it was known as Ledra. It has been the capital of Cyprus since the Late Byzantine period (11th century). The Lusignans transformed it into a splendid city, with royal palaces and 50 churches. Contemporary Lefkosia combines the historic past with the liveliness of a modern city. The city centre, the old “Chora”, surrounded by 16th century walls, with museums, old churches and medieval buildings, maintains the leisurely atmosphere of yesteryear. Outside the walls, the modern city with its contemporary comforts pulsates to cosmopolitan rhythms. A few kilometres into the countryside one can admire superb Byzantine churches and monasteries.
The French anthem
The Baron de Dietrich, then mayor of Strasbourg, asked Rouget de Lisle, a French officer stationed in the city, to write a song of war. The song "La Marseillaise" was written by Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg in 1792, following the declaration of war by the King to the Emperor of Austria. The future French anthem was sung publicly for the first time on the Place Broglie, in front of the Town Hall of Strasbourg.
Which leading politician, speaking at the Council of Europe, called for the building of the " European common home"?
o Winston Churchill
o Mickhail Gorbatchev
o Konrad Adenhauer
(Check your answer at the next station)
(Answer to the previous quiz: Robert Schumann)