Cyprus Κ?προς; Turkish: K?br?s, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece
The national anthem of Greece and Cyprus; is Hymn to Freedom may refer to: Hymn to Liberty. On January 01, 2008, the Republic of Cyprus introduced the Euro (€) as its official currency.
Cyprus has two official languages, Greek (80,9 %) and Turkish (0,2). Although without official status, English is widely spoken and it features widely on road signs, public notices, and in advertisements. English was the sole official language during British colonial rule and the lingua franca until 1960, and continued to be used in courts of law until 1989 and in legislation until 1996. 80.4% of Cypriots are proficient in the English language as a second language.
Cyprus enjoys an exceedingly high level of freedom of worship. While the majority of Greek-Cypriots are Greek Orthodox (78 %) Christians, other denominations are represented on the island, including Armenians, Maronites and Roman Catholics (5%). The Turkish-Cypriot community is predominantly Muslim.
Cyprus is an independent sovereign Republic with a presidential system of government. Under the 1960 Constitution, executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic, elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term of office through a Council of Ministers appointed by him. Ministers cannot serve concurrently in the House of Representatives.
On May 01, 2004 the Republic of Cyprus became a full member of the EU completing a long journey that lasted more than three decades. Accession to the EU was a natural choice for Cyprus, dictated by its culture, civilisation, history, its European outlook and adherence to the ideals of democracy, freedom and justice. EU accession has launched a new era of challenges, opportunities and responsibilities for Cyprus.
Cyprus is also a member of, the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and many other international organisations.
The National School of Administration (ENA), one of the French graduate schools (Grandes écoles), was created in 1945 by Charles de Gaulle to democratise access to the senior civil service. It is now entrusted with the selection and initial training of senior French officials. In 1990, ENA has moved in Strasbourg in the Sainte-Marguerite Street. Before hosting the
ENA, the historic building of the Commandery Saint-Jean, built in the fourteenth century, was successively a place of commerce and diplomacy, a hospital and then between 1740 and 1989, a women's prison.
When did Cyprus become member of the Council of Europe?
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[Answer to the previous quiz: The Council of Europe is based in Strasbourg]